Funnily enough, the concept of solving ocean pollution was developed back in the 1980s when the problem was much less severe than it is today. According to environmental institution Conservation International, every year we dump eight million metric tons of plastic into the oceans, equivalent to nearly 57.000 blue whales! And the trend is getting worse every year. It is estimated that by 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in the ocean.
As already stated above, the idea of solving ocean pollution has been around for decades. Back in 1992, Canada's International Centre for Ocean Development (ICOD) and the Ocean Institute of Canada (OIC) proposed the celebration of World Oceans Day, which unfortunately didn’t become recognized by the United Nations until 2008.
Now every year, on June 8th, we get to observe World Oceans Day. But just like World Earth Day or World Water Day, one day per year is simply not enough to solve this truly global issue. As you can see below, there are several ways each of us can take an active part in solving ocean pollution.
Plastic is the biggest problem
There's so much plastic trash in the ocean, and the debris has formed giant garbage patches. There are currently five of them around the world, and the largest — infamously named the Great Pacific Garbage Patch — includes a mind-blowing 1.8 trillion pieces of junk and covers an area twice the size of Texas.
Unfortunately, that is just the tip of the iceberg, as most ocean trash sits on the bottom. Environmentalists estimate that 70% of ocean garbage actually sinks, which means it’s unlikely we’re ever going to be able to clean it up.
What can you do? Obviously, solving ocean pollution is not a one-man job, and we will all need to work together to decrease plastic waste on a global level drastically. What you can do on an individual level is to adopt a zero-waste lifestyle as much as possible. Regular recycling, reusing and reducing will not solve the existing pollution, but it can substantially help to lower the volume of plastic garbage in the future.
Support the environmental institutions
There are several renowned environmental institutions across the globe solving ocean pollution every day. As you can imagine, they all function as NGOs (Non-Governmental Organization) and rely heavily on donations and volunteers. A small contribution on your part will definitely be appreciated.
Here at Skaza, we show great interest in solving ocean pollution by supporting NGOs, which has been working on the issues. To help them achieve their goals, we will donate 2 euros for every Bokashi Organko 2 Ocean sold. This revolutionary kitchen composter is made from hand-picked and recycled fishing nets which means you contribute a lot to solving ocean pollution just by owning one yourself.
Are there other ways of solving ocean pollution?
While plastic pollution is by far the biggest threat to the oceans and seas around the globe, it is not the only one. Oil is another large problem that causes the deaths of millions of ocean animals every year. But contrary to widespread belief, large oil spills caused by tankers or drilling platforms are not the biggest polluters. These kinds of oil spills only account for 12% of the oil in the world's oceans. You probably didn't know this, but three times as much oil is carried out to sea via runoff from the roads, rivers and drainpipes.
What each and every one of us can do to reduce oil pollution, not just in the oceans but basically everywhere, is to support the green transformation of our society. Try using public transport more frequently or ride a bike to work, at least on sunny days.
Luckily, even politicians are now aware that reducing emissions is crucial to preserve our planet for generations to come. And the transition from fossil fuels to greener alternatives is a big part of this idea. Fortunately, this will also help in solving ocean pollution, at least partly. But we mustn't stop acting like every day is a World Ocean Day.